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On October 18th...

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King John1216 King John of England died.

1386 The University of Heidelberg (Germany) opened.

1405 Pope Pius II was born.

1417 Pope Gregory XII died.

1503 Pope Pius III died.

1541 Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland from 1503 to 1513, died.

1622 King Louis XIII of France and Huguenots signed the Treaty of Montpellier.

1648 The first labor organization in North America was formed, the Boston Shoemakers.

1667 An English fleet plundered plantations in Suriname.

1672 Poland and Turkey signed the Peace of Buczacz.

1685 King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes.

1748 The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ended the War of Austrian Succession.

Mason-Dixon Line1767 The boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania, aka Mason-Dixon Line, was agreed upon.

1845 Astronomer Jacques Dominique Cassini died.

1859 Philosopher Henri Bergson was born.

1860 The Treaty of Tientsin was ratified, ending the Second Opium War.

1862 Morgan's Raiders captured the Federal garrison at Lexington, Kentucky.

1863 The Battle of Charlestown (West Virginia) was fought.

Alaska1867 The United States formally took possession of Alaska by raising a U.S. flag over Sitka.

Charles Babbage1871 Mathematician Charles Babbage died.

1873 Columbia, Princeton, Rutgers, and Yale set rules for collegiate football.

1878 Historian James Truslow Adams was born.

1889 The first ever all-New York City World Series game was played, between the NY Giants and the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1892 The first commercial long distance phone line was opened, between Chicago and New York City.

1893 Composer Charles Gounod died.
Lucy Stone1893 Lucy Stone, women's rights and anti-slavery advocate, died.

Puerto Rico1898 The United States took formal possession of Puerto Rico.

1908 Belgium anexed the Congo Free State.

Balkan Wars1912 The First Balkan War broke out.
1912 The Treaty of Lausanne ended the Tripolitan War.

1914 The Schoenstatt Movement was founded in Germany.

1915 Actor Victor Sen Yung was born.

Czechoslovakia1918 Czechoslovakia declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

1919 Pierre Elliot Trudeau, Prime Minister of Canada, was born.
1919 Publisher William Waldorf Astor died.

1921 U.S. Senator Jesse Helms was born.

1922 The British Broadcasting Company was incorporated.

1926 Singer Chuck Berry was born.

1927 Actor George C. Scott was born.

1930 Joseph Sylvester became the first jockey to win 7 races in one day.

Thomas Edison1931 Inventor Thomas Edison died.

1938 Actress Dawn Wells was born.

1939 Chicago Bears head coach Mike Ditka was born.
Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of President John F. Kennedy, was born.

1944 Soviet troops invaded Czechoslovakia.

Nuremberg War Crimes Trial1945 The International Military Tribunal met in Berlin to prepare charges against Nazi officers and officials.

Laura Nyro1947 Folk singer-songwriter Laura Nyro was born.

Connie Mack1950 Connie Mack retired as manager of the Philadelphia Athletics.

1951 Actress Pam Dawber was born.

1954 Texas Instruments Inc. announced the first transistor radio.

1955 The University of California discovered the anti-proton.

1956 Tennis player Martina Navratilova was born.

Luna Program1959 The first ever photographs of the "dark side" of the Moon were transmitted to Earth by Luna 3.

1960 Actress Erin Moran was born.
1960 Actor Jean-Claude Van Damme was born.

1961 The film West Side Story was released.
Jazz musician Wynton Marsalis was born.

1966 Businesswoman Elizabeth Arden died.
1966 K-Mart founder S. S. Kresge died.

1967 Walt Disney's Jungle Book was released.

1968 Circus Circus opened in Las Vegas.

Cyclamate Ban1969 The U.S. Food and Drug Administration banned the use of cyclamates.

1973 Cartoonist Walt Kelly died.

1977 West German commandos liberated a Boeing 737 with 86 hostages at Mogadishu, Somalia.

1979 "Beatlemania" opened in London, England.

1982 Bess Truman, wife of President Harry S Truman, died.

1987 Actor Zac Efron was born.

1989 Erich Honecker resigned as leader of the East German Communist Party.
1989 Hungary revised its constitution.

1992 The Toronto Blue Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series.

2000 Singer Julie London died.

2003 Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada was forced to resign as President of Bolivia.

2009 Tom Brady threw five second quarter touchdowns against the Tennessee Titans, setting an NFL record for most passes in one quarter.

2013 Saudi Arabia became the first nation to refuse a seat on the United Nations Security Council.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on October 19, 2018.