The Robinson Library
The Robinson Library >> On This Day

On March 14th...

links will open in a new window

1471 Author Sir Thomas Malory died.

Rhode Island1644 England granted a patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island).

1689 Scotland dismissed William III and Mary Stuart as King and Queen.

1757 British Admiral John Byng was executed by firing squad aboard his flagship HMS Monarch.

Thomas Hart Benton1782 Politician Thomas Hart Benton was born.

Eli Whitney1794 Eli Whitney patented the cotton gin.

1800 Luigi Chiaramonti was crowned Pope Pius VII.

1804 Composer Johann Strauss was born.

1812 The U.S. Congress authorized the selling of war bonds to finance the War of 1812.

1820 King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy was born.

1821 The African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church was founded.

Lucy Hobbs Taylor1833 Lucy Hobbs Taylor, the first fully licensed woman dentist in the United States, was born.

Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli1835 Astronomer Giovanni Schiaparelli was born.

1844 King Umberto I of Italy was born.

Paul Ehrlich1854 Biochemist Paul Ehrlich was born.

Casey Jones1864 Railroad engineer Casey Jones was born.

1879 Physicist Albert Einstein was born.

1883 Karl Marx, the founder of Marxism, died.

Ferdinand von Zeppelin1889 Ferdinand von Zeppelin patented his "Navigable Balloon."

1899 The Montreal Shamrocks defeated the Winnipeg Victorias for the Stanley Cup.

1903 The first federal bird reservation was established at Pelican Island, Florida.
1903 The Ottawa Silver 7 defeated the Rat Portage Thisles for the Stanley Cup.

1904 The U. S. Supreme Court ruled that Northern Securities Company had violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.

1907 By presidential order, the United States excluded Japanese laborers from entering the country.

1908 The Montreal Wanderers defeated the Toronto Trolley Leaguers for the Stanley Cup.

1912 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy was injured in an assassination attempt.
1912 Bandleader Les Brown was born.

1914 Actor Bill Owen was born.

Lucretia Rudolph Garfield1918 Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, wife of U.S. President James Garfield, died.

1920 Cartoonist Hank Ketcham was born.

Warren G. Harding1923 Warren G. Harding became the first U. S. President to pay income tax.

1925 Walter Camp, the "father of American football," died.

1926 A train fell into the Río Virilla in Costa Rica, killing 248 persons and injuring 93.

Frank Borman1928 Astronaut Frank Borman was born.

George Eastman1932 Inventor George Eastman died.

1933 Actor Michael Caine was born.
1933 Music producer Quincy Jones was born.

Eugene Andrew Cernan1934 Astronaut Eugene Cernan was born.

1936 The Federal Register, the first magazine of the U. S. government, published its first issue.

1940 A truck full of migrant workers collided with a train outside McAllen, Texas, killing 27 and injuring 15.

1947 Comedian Billy Crystal was born.

1950 The FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program began.
1950 Radio personality Rick Dees was born.

1951 United Nations forces recaptured Seoul from communist forces.
1951 Jerry Greenfield, co-founder of Ben & Jerry's, was born.

1958 The Recording Industry Association of American was created.
Soraya1958 It was announced in Tehran, Iran, that Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi had divorced Queen Soraya because of her failure to produce a male heir to the throne.
Prince Albert II1958 Prince Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre, the first son and second child of Prince Rainier and Princess Grace of Monaco, was born at Grimaldi Palace.

Jack Ruby1964 Jack Ruby was convicted of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy.

1967 John F. Kennedy's body was moved into a permanent memorial at Arlington National Cemetery.

1973 Physicist Howard Aiken died.
1973 Cartoonist Chic Young died.

1975 Actress Susan Hayward died.

1976 Film director Busby Berkeley died.

1979 A Hawker Siddeley Trident Crashed into a factory near Beijing, China, killing at least 200 people.

1984 Sinn Féin head Gerry Adams was seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Mir1995 Norman Thagard became the first American astronaut to be stationed on the Russian Space Station Mir.

2007 Actor Gareth Hunt died.

2010 Actor Peter Graves died.

2013 A series of car bombings killed 25 persons and wounded 50 in Baghdad, Iraq.
2013 Gunmen killed seven persons in a Cancun, Mexico, bar.

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on March 13, 2018.