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On June 28th...

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767 Pope Paul I died.

1245 The First Council of Lyons opened.

1476 Pope Paul IV was born.

King Henry VIII1491 King Henry VIII of England was born.

1519 King Carlos I of Spain was elected Holy Roman Catholic Emperor Charles V.

Peter Paul Rubens1577 Painter Peter Paul Rubens was born.

1629 The rights of French Huguemots were limited by the Peace of Alès.

Guadeloupe1635 The French colony of Guadeloupe was established.

1712 Writer Jean Jacques Rousseau was born.

1762 Catherine II declared herself sovereign ruler of Russia.

1770 Quakers opened a school for blacks in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Charleston1776 Charleston, South Carolina, repulsed a British sea attack.

Battle of Monmouth1778 The Battle of Monmouth (New Jersey) was fought.

Basutoland1833 Three missionaries of the Paris Evangelical Missionary Society obtained permission from Chief Moshoeshoe to found a mission station in Basutoland.

James Madison1836 James Madison, 4th President of the United States, died.

Queen Victoria1838 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom was crowned in Westminster Abbey.

1846 The saxophone was patented by Antoine Joseph Sax.

1855 The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University.

1865 The Army of the Potomac was disbanded.

Buffalo Soldiers1866 The U. S. Congress authorized organization of two regiments of black soldiers.

1870 The U. S. Congress created four federal holidays -- New Year's Day, Independence Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

Maria Mitchell1889 Maria Mitchell, the first female professional astronomer, died.

1891 Carl Spaatz, the first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, was born.

1894 Labor Day was established as a holiday for U. S. federal employees.

1895 El Salvador, Honduras, and Central America formed the Central American Union.

1898 R. F. Doherty and Charlotte Cooper won the Wimbledon Men's and Women's Singles Championship, respectively.

Panama Canal1902 The United States paid a French company $40 million for the concession to build the Panama Canal.
1902 Composer Richard Rodgers was born.

1904 The SS Norge ran aground and sank off Rockall, in the North Atlantic, killing more than 635 people.

1905 Anthropologist Ashley Montagu was born.

1914 Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria and his wife were assassinated in Sarajevo, Serbia.

World War I1919 The Treaty of Versailles was signed, formally ending World War I.

1922 Irish Free State forces attacked anti-treaty Republicans in Dublin, Ireland.

1924 A tornado killed 93 persons in Sandusky and Lorain, Ohio.

1926 Film director Mel Brooks was born.

1932 Actor Pat Morita was born.

1935 Alf Perry won the British Golf Open.

1938 U. S. government official Leon Panetta was born.

1942 Dumont TV network began operations.

1945 The Polish Provisional Government of National Unity was established by the Soviet Union.

1946 Enrico de Nicola became the first President of Italy.
1946 Comedian Gilda Radner was born.

1948 The Berlin Airlift began.

1950 North Korean forces captured Seoul, South Korea.

1951 "Amos 'n' Andy" premiered on CBS-TV.

1953 Betsy Rawls won the U. S. Women's Golf Open.

1956 Polish workers rioting against the Communist government stormed several government buildings in Poznan.

Mackinac Bridge1958 The Mackinac Bridge was dedicated.

rail car explosion1959 Two butane tank cars exploded on a railroad trestle over the Ogeechee River near Meldrin, Georgia, killing 22 persons swimming and picnicking below.

1960 An explosion and cave-in of a coal mine at Six Bells, Wales, killed 45 persons.
Football player John Elway was born.

1963 The International Bridge connecting Queenston, Ontario, and Lewiston, New York, was dedicated.

1965 The U. S. 173rd Airborne Brigade joined South Vietnamese paratroopers in an attack on a Vietcong stronghold 20 miles northeast of Saigon.
The Early Bird satellite began transmitting telephone and television signals.

1966 A military junta overthrew Argentinian President Arturo Illia and named Lieutenant General Juan Carlos Ongania as Provisional President.
Actor John Cusack was born.

1967 Israel annexed East Jerusalem.

1968 Daniel Ellsberg was indicted for leaking the "Pentagon Papers."

Verrazano-Narrows Bridge1969 The lower level of the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge was opened to traffic.

1971 The New York City, New York, rock venue Filmore East closed.
The U. S. Supreme Court overturned Muhammad Ali's conviction for draft evasion.
Businessman Elon Musk was born.

1973 The Black Sports Hall of Fame was formed.

1974 A fall of earth and rocks killed 200 people in Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia.

1975 Rod Serling, creator of "The Twilight Zone," died.

Seychelles1976 The Seychelles Islands became an independent republic.
Air Force Academy1976 The first women entered the United States Air Force Academy.

Regents of the University of California v. Bakke1978 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the University of California must admit Allan Bakke to its medical school at Davis.
Princess Caroline1978 Princess Caroline of Monaco married Philippe Junot.

1981 An attack killed 74 government officials in Iran.

1982 Prince Charles and Princess Diana of the United Kingdom named their first child William.

1983 A bridge section of I-95 in Greenwich, Connecticut, collapsed, killing 3 persons.

1984 Former South African Congress of Trade Unions member Jeannette Schoon and her 6-year-old daughter Katryn were killed by a letter bomb in Lubango, Angola.

1987 Don Baylor was hit by pitcher Rick Rhoden to set a new hit-by-pitch record of 244.

Estonia1992 The Constitution of Estonia was signed into law.
Daryl Gates resigned as Police Commissioner of Los Angeles, California.

1996 The Constitution of Ukraine was signed into law.

2004 The Coalition Provisional Authority formally ended its rule of Iraq.

2006 The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd member of the United Nations.

2009 TV pitchman Billy Mays died.

2011 Christine Lagarde became the first woman to be elected head of the International Monetary Fund.

2012 A series of car bombs in Iraq killed 14 persons and injured 50 others.

2016 Suicide bombings and gun attacks at Ataturk Airport (Istanbul, Turkey) killed 42 persons and wounded more than 200 others.
Guitarist Scotty Moore died.
2016 College basketball coach Pat Summitt died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on June 27, 2018.