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On June 23rd...

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930 Iceland's Althing (Parliament), was established.

1298 Duke Albrecht von Habsburg was crowned King of Germany.

1532 Kings Henry VIII of England and Francois I of France signed a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.

William Penn1683 William Penn signed a friendship treaty with the Lenni Lenapi.

1724 Russia and Turkey signed the Treaty of Constantinople.

1757 Robert Clive defeated an army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey to win control of Bengal.

Josephine Bonaparte1763 Josephine de Beauharnais Bonaparte, the first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, was born.

1776 The final draft of the Declaration of Independence was submitted to Continental Congress.

1794 Empress Catherine II of Russia granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.

John Jacob Astor1810 John Jacob Astor organized the Pacific Fur Company.

1860 The U. S. Government Printing Office was created.

1868 Christopher Latham Sholes patented a "type-writer."

1875 Sculptor Carl Milles was born.

1876 Humorist Irvin S. Cobb was born.

Frederick Douglass1888 Frederick Douglass became the first black to be nominated for U. S. President.

1893 Aline Terry defeated Augusta Schultz for the U. S. Women's National Championship.

1894 The International Olympic Committee was formed.
Edward VIII1894 Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom was born.

1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issued a decree naming himself President of the Philippines.

1900 Myrtle McAteer defeated Edith Parker for the U. S. Women's National Championship.

1906 Helen Homans defeated Maud Barger-Wallach for the U. S. Women's National Championship.

1908 Shah Mohammed Ali led a successful counter-revolution in Persia.

William P.Rogers1913 William P. Rogers, U. S. Attorney General and Secretary of State, was born.

1917 An ammunition factory exploded in Boleweg, Bohemia, killing 1,000 people.
1917 Molla Bjurstedt defeated Marion Vanderhoef for the U. S. Women's National Championship.

1919 The Universal Negro Improvement Association was incorporated.

1922 Walter Hagen won the British Golf Open.

1925 A British warship fired on Hong Kong Harbor strikers.

1926 The College Board administered the first SAT exam in the United States.

1927 Choreographer Bob Fosse was born.

1929 Singer June Carter Cash was born.

1938 The U. S. Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.
1938 The first public aquarium, Marineland, opened in Florida.

1939 The U. S. Coast Guard Reserve was created by Congress.

1940 Track star Wilma Rudolph was born.

1944 Four tornadoes struck the Appalachia region of the United States, killing 153 persons.

1945 Eddie Arcaro rode Pavot to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1946 A group of white men attacked Indian Passive Resisters in South Africa.
Silent film cowboy William S. Hart died.

1947 The U. S. Congress overrode President Harry Truman'sveto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
tanker Markay1947 Eleven persons were killed when the oil tanker Markay exploded in Los Angeles (California) Harbor.

1948 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas was born.

1949 A Dutch Constellation plunged into the sea near Bari, Italy, killing 33 persons.
Harvard Medical School graduated its first 12 women.

Gamal Abdel Nasser1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected President of Egypt.

1957 A Pacific Western airliner crashed while attempting to make an emergency return to Port Hardy, British Columbia, Canada, killing 14 of the 18 persons aboard.
Actor Rex Harrison and actress Kay Kendall were married in New York City, New York.

1958 The Foundation Prĉmium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) was established.

1961 A mine at Petros, Tennessee, collapsed, killing 3 men.

1963 Julius Boros won the U. S. Golf Open.

Harding Home1965 The home of Warren and Florence Harding was designated as a National Historic Landmark.

1967 The U. S. Senate censured Thomas J. Dodd.

1968 A stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires, Argentina, football stadium killed 74 persons and injured 150 others.

Warren Earl Burger1969 Warren Earl Burger was sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.

1973 The World Court condemned French nuclear tests in the Pacific.

1974 Sandra Haynie won the LPGA Championship.

1975 Lou Graham won the U. S. Golf Open.

1976 CCN Tower, the world's tallest free-standing structure, opened in Toronto, Canada.
William DeHart Hubbard1976 William DeHart Hubbard, the first black athlete to win an Olympic gold medal in an individual event, died.

1981 Amanda Maccaro became the first American to win the Russian Ballet Companion.

1985 A bomb destroyed an Air India Boeing 707 in the air near Ireland, killing 329 persons.

1990 Moldavia declared its independence.

1991 A Mazda became the first Japanese car to win the 24-hour race at Le Mans, France.

1993 Nigerian dictator General Ibrahim Babangida annulled the results of the presidential elections.

1994 South Africa reclaimed its seat in the United Nations.
1994 Moshood Abiola was arrested after declaring himself President of Nigeria.

Jonas Salk1995 Jonas Salk, developer of the first polio vaccine, died.

2000 The bulk ore carrier MV Treasure sank off the western coast of South Africa.

2005 The San Antonio Spurs defeated the Detroit Pistons for the NBA Championship.

2009 Television and film producer Aaron Spelling died.
2009 "Tonight Show" sidekick Ed McMahon died.

2011 Actor Peter Falk died.

2013 Gunmen stormed a hotel near Nanga Parbat, Pakistan, and killed 9 tourists and 1 tour guide.

2016 A ceasefire agreement was signed by the Colombian government and Farc rebels, ending more than 50 years of conflict.
2016 The United Kingdom voted to leae the European Union.

2017 A landslide killed 15 persons in Xinmo, Sichuan, China.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on June 22, 2018.