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On June 17th...
Independence Day (Iceland)
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1397 The Union of Kalmar was established between Denmark, Sweden, and Norway.
1497 Forces under King Henry VII of England defeated Cornish rebels led by Michael An Gof at Deptford Bridge.
1501 King Jan I Olbracht of Poland died.
1565 Matsunaga Hisahide assassinated Shogun Ashikaga Yoshiteru.
1579 Francis Drake landed on the coast of California.
1631 Mumtaz Mahal, wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan I, died during childbirth.
1673 Father Jacques Marquette and fur trader Louis Joliet reached the junction of the Wisconsin and Mississippi rivers.
1682 King Charles XII of Sweden was born.
1696 King Jan III Sobieski of Poland died.
1703 John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, was born.
1719 Essayist Joseph Addison died.
17971 Aga Mohammed Khan, ruler of Persia, was castrated and killed.
1775 The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought.
1818 Composer Charles Gounod was born.
1824 The U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs was established.
1850 The paddle-wheeler G. P. Griffith burned off Mentor, Ohio, killing 206 persons.
1856 John C. Fremont was nominated as the Republican Party's first candidate for President of the United States.
1862 Charles J. Canning, 1st Viceroy of the British Indies, died.
1865 Edmund Ruffin, agriculturalist and secessionist, died.
1866 American politician Lewis Cass died.
1876 Harriet Scott, who with husband Dred Scott sued for her freedom, died.
1877 The Nez Perce defeated the U. S.
Cavalry at White Bird Canyon, Idaho Territory.
1882 Composer Igor Stravinsky was born.
1885 The Statue of Liberty arrived in New York Harbor.
1887 Educator Mark Hopkins died.
1894 The first poliomyelitis epidemic in the United States broke out in Rutland, Vermont.
1895 The U. S. Ship Canal in Bronx, New York, was completed.
1898 The United States Navy Hospital
Corps was established.
1900 Nazi official Martin Bormann was born.
1904 Actor Ralph Bellamy was born.
1907 Designer Charles Eames was born.
1910 Country singer Red Foley was born.
1911 Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman defeated Florence Sullivan 8-10, 6-1, 9-7 for the U. S. Women's National Championship.
1914 Novelist John Hersey was born.
1915 The League to Enforce Peace was organized at Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1917 King George V of the United Kingdom announced that the royal family would from that time on be known as the House of Windsor.
1919 The "Barney Google" comic strip debuted.
1928 Amelia Earhart became the first female passenger on a transatlantic flight.
1932 About a thousand World War I
veterans gathered at the U. S. Capitol while the Senate
considered a bill giving them certain benefits.
1933 An FBI agent, four policemen, and one gangster were killed by a mob in Kansas City, Missouri.
1938 Japan declared war on China.
1939 Convicted murderer Eugen Weidmann became the last person to be publicly guillotined in France.
1940 France asked Germany for terms
1942 Canadian politician Charles Fitzpatrick died.
1943 Politician Newt Gingrich was
1944 The Republic of Iceland was established.
1945 Radio personality Art Bell was born.
1946 Southwestern Bell inaugurated commercial mobile telephone service in St. Louis, Missouri.
1947 Pan Am Aiways was chartered as the first worldwide passenger airline.
1950 The world's first kidney transplant was performed in Chicago, Illinois.
1951 Comedian Joe Piscopo was born.
1953 U. S. Supreme Court Justice
William O. Douglas stayed the executions of Julius and
1954 The Senate Army-McCarthy
1958 France agreed to withdraw all
troops in Tunisian territory to the Bizerte naval and air
1961 Soviet ballet
dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West
while his troupe was in Paris, France.
1962 Convicts seized control of the
St. Vincent de Paul Federal Penitentiary near Montreal,
Canada, and set it on fire.
1963 The U. S. Supreme Court ruled that required readings of the Lord's Prayer and Bible passages in public schools violates the First Amendment.
1967 China exploded its first
1970 Edwin Land patented the Polaroid camera.
1972 Five men were
arrested while breaking into Democratic National
Committee headquarters at the Watergate hotel and
1973 Johnny Miller won the U. S. Golf Open.
1975 Voters in the Northern Mariana Islands approved commonwealth status with the United States.
1976 Indonesia annexed Portuguese East Timor.
1979 Hale Irwin won the U. S. Golf Open.
1980 Tennis player Venus Williams was born.
1981 A battle between
Muslims and Christians in Cairo, Egypt, killed 14
1982 President Ronald Reagan delivered his "evil empire" speech before the United Nations General Assembly.
1986 Warren Earl
Burger resigned as Chief Justice of the United States.
1987 The Dusky Seaside
Sparrow became extinct.
1989 Football player John Matuszak died.
1990 Hale Irwin won the U. S. Golf Open.
1991 President Zachary
Taylor's body was exhumed to find out how he died.
1992 Inkhata-followers killed 42 persons at Boipatong, South Africa.
1994 O. J. Simpson led police on a 1½-hour chase through Los Angeles, California.
2000 South African jurist Ismail Mahomed died.
2007 Ángel Cabrera won the U. S. Golf Open.
2008 The Boston
Celtics defeated the Los Angeles Lakers for the NBA
2010 The Los Angeles Lakers defeated the Boston Celtics for the NBA Championship.
2012 Webb Simpson won the U. S. Golf Open.
2015 A gunman killed 9
persons inside the Emanuel AME Church in Charleston,
2017 The USS Fitzgerald collided with the Philippine cargo ship ACX Crystal in Japanese waters, killing 7 U. S. sailors.
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This page was last updated on June 16, 2018.