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On June 10th...

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Day of Portugal, Camões, and the Portuguese Communities

1190 Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa drowned while crossing the Saleph River (in what is now Turkey) with a Crusading army.

1437 Joan of Navarre, wife of King Henry IV of England died.

1580 Poet Luis de Camões died.

1605 Dimitri I was crowned Russian tsar.

1610 The first Dutch settlers arrived on Manhattan Island.

1639 The first log cabin in America was built at what is now Wilmington, Delaware.

1760 New York passed the first law effectively regulating the practice of medicine.

1772 Rhode Islanders burned the British revenue cutter Gaspée.

1786 A landslide dam on the Dadu River caused by earthquakes collapsed, killing 100,000 people in the Sichuan Ptovince of China.

1793 The world's first public zoo opened in Paris, France.
1793 Washington, D. C., replaced Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, as the capital of the United States.

1801 Tripoli declared war on the United States for refusing to pay tribute.

1829 The first boatracebetween Oxford and Cambridge universities took place.

Andre-Marie Ampere1836 André-Marie Ampère, physicist and mathematician, died.

1838 Twenty-eight Australian Aborigines were murdered at Myall Creek.

1846 Robert Thomson was granted an English patent for a rubber tire.

1848 New York City, New York, and Chicago, Illinois, were linked by telegraph.

1854 The U. S. Naval Academy graduated its first class.

Richard Wagner1865 The Richard Wagner opera Tristan und Isolde premiered in Munich, Germany.

1868 Bobby Swim rode General Duke to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1869 The first ever shipment of frozen beef arrived in New Orleans, Louisiana, aboard the Agnes.

1871 W. Miller rode Harry Basset to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1876 William Donohue rode Algerine to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1880 Charlie Jones became the first to hit two home runs in one inning.

1890 Pike Barnes rode Burlington to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1891 Ed Garrison rode Foxford to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1892 Wilbert Robinson set a record by going 7-for-7 in a 9-inning game.

1893 Willie Simms rode Comanche to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

Rebecca Felton1895 Rebecca Latimer Felton, the first woman ever sworn in as a U. S. Senator, was born.
Hattie McDaniel1895 Actress Hattie McDaniel was born.

1898 U. S. Marines landed in Cuba.

1902 H. F. Callahan was granted a patent for the window envelope.

1905 The first forest fire lookout tower was placed into operation at Greenville, Maine.

1908 The Australian Parliament passed the Invalid and Old Age Pensions Act.
The Aeronautical Society of New York was established.

1915 British and French troops captured the German colony of Cameroon.
The Girl Scouts were established.
1915 Novelist Saul Bellow was born.

1916 E. Haynes rode Friar Rock to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
Dunkin' Donuts founder William Rosenberg was born.

1921 Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, was born.

1922 C. H. Miller rode Pillory to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
Actress Judy Garland was born.

1924 The Republican National Convention in Cleveland became the first political convention to be broadcast on radio.

James McDivitt1929 Astronaut James McDivitt was born.

John Dillinger1933 John Dillinger robbed his first bank, in New Carlisle, Ohio, of $10,600.
1933 Mack Garner rode Hurryoff to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
Attorney F. Lee Bailey was born.

1934 Italy defeated Czechoslovakia 2-1, in overtime, for the FIFA World Cup.

1935 Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron, Ohio.

1940 Italy declared war on the United Kingdom and France.
1940 Norway surrendered to Germany.
1940 Canada declared war on Italy.
1940 Activist Marcus Garvey died.

Franklin Roosevelt1943 Franklin Delano Roosevelt became the first U. S. President to visit a foreign country during wartime.

1944 German troops massacred 642 civilians in the French village of Oradour-sur-Glane.
1944 German troops massacred 218 men, women, and children in Distomo, Greece.
Fifteen-year-old Joe Nuxhall became the youngest player in Major League Baseball, with the Cincinnati Reds.

1946 The Italian Republic was established.

1947 Saab produced its first automobile.

Ben Hogan1950 Ben Hogan won the U. S. Golf Open.
1950 William Boland rode Middleground to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1955 The first separation of a virus into its component parts was announced.

1957 Louise Suggs won the Ladies' Professional Golfers Association title.

El Dorado tornado1958 A tornado that struck El Dorado, Kansas, caused 13 deaths.

1962 The Archbishop of Atlanta, Georgia, announced that all Catholic schools in his diocese would be desegregated.

1963 President John F. Kennedy signed a law mandating equal pay for equal work for men and women.

Janis Joplin1966 Janis Joplin appeared in her first live concert, at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco.

1967 The Six-Day War ended.
Joseph Cardinal Ritter, Archbishop of St. Louis, Missouri, died.
1967 Actor Spencer Tracy died.

1971 A train crash in Salem, Illinois, killed 11 persons.
1971 Jonathan Knisely spelled "shalloon" to win the National Spelling Bee.

1972 Ron Turcotte rode Riva Ridge to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1973 Mary Mills won the LPGA Championship.
Playwright William Inge died.

1976 Tim Kneale spelled "narcolepsy" to win the National Spelling Bee.
Adolph Zukor, founder of Paramount Pictures, died.

1977 James Earl Ray, the convicted assassin of Martin Luther King, Jr., escaped from prison.

1978 A fire that swept through a five-story hotel in Boras, Sweden, claimed the lives of 20 teenagers celebrating their graduation from high school and injured 55 others.
domino record1978 Bob Speca, Jr., set a new world record when 97,500 dominoes fell.
Steve Cauthen1978 Steve Cauthen rode Affirmed to win the Belmonst Stakes, and the Triple Crown.

1979 Donna Caponi Young won the LPGA Championship.

1984 The Boston Celtics defeated the Los Angeles Lakers to win the NBA Championship.

1985 Claus von Bulow was acquitted on charges of attempting to murder his wife.

1988 Author Louis L'Amour died.

1989 Pat Day rode Easy Goer to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1995 Gary Stevens rode Thunder Gulch to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

1996 The Colorado Avalanche defeated the Florida Panthers for the Stanley Cup.
1996 Actress Jo Van Fleet died.

2000 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad died.
Pat Day rode Commendable to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
2000 The New Jersey Devils defeated the Dallas Stars for the Stanley Cup.

2001 Princess Leila Pahlavi, youngest daughter of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, former Shah of Iran, died.

2002 Mafia boss John Gotti died.

2003 The Spirit Rover was launched.
2003 American politician Donald Regan died.

2004 Singer Ray Charles died.

2006 Fernando Jara rode Jazil to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

2007 Suxann Pettersen won the LPGA Championship.

2012 Shanshan Feng won the LPGA Championship.

2013 A series of bomb explosions across Iraq killed 70 persons.

2016 Hockey player Gordie Howe died.

2017 Jose Ortiz rode Tapwrit to victory in the Belmont Stakes.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on June 26, 2018.