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On July 28th...

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National Day (Peru)

1057 Pope Victor II died.

1148 Crusaders abandoned their siege of Damascus.

1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduced potatoes to Europe.

1655 Playwright Cyrano de Bergerac died.

Vitus Bering1741 Captain Vitus Bering discovered Mount St. Elias, Alaska.
1741 Composer Antonio Vivaldi died.

1742 Prussia and Austria signed a peace treaty.

John Peter Zenger1746 John Peter Zenger, focus of the first "Freedom of the Press" case in America, died.

1750 Composer Johann Sebastian Bach died.

1794 Robespierre and 22 other leaders of the French "Reign of Terror" were guillotined in Paris.

Peru1821 Peru declared its independence from Spain.

Manasseh Cutler1823 Manasseh Cutler, American minister, physician, scientist, and politician, died.

William Bainbridge1833 William Bainbridge, American naval hero, died.

1849 The Memmon became the first clipper to reach San Francisco, California.

1858 The first use of fingerprints as a means of identification was made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service.

1865 A group of Welsh colonists arrived at Puerto Madryn, Argentina.

1866 The metric system became a legal measurement system in the United States.
1866 Artist Beatrix Potter was born.

1868 The 14th Amendment, granting United States citizenship to former slaves, was proclaimed.

1883 Shocks triggered by the volcano Epomeo on the Isle of Ischia, Italy, destroyed 1,200 houses and killed about 2,000 people.

1893 A petition demanding women's suffrage was delivered to New Zealand's parliament.

Miami, Florida1896 The city of Miami, Florida, was incorporated.

1900 Hamburger was created by Louis Lassing, in Connecticut.

1901 Singer/actor Rudy Vallee was born.

1904 Russian Interior Minister Vyacheslav Plehve was assassinated.
Pavel Cherenkov1904 Physicist Pavel Cherenkov was born.
1904 British politician Selwyn Lloyd was born.

1914 Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, beginning the First World War.
1914 The foxtrot was first danced at the New Amsterdam Roof Garden in New York City, New York, by Harry Fox.

1915 U. S. Marines invaded Haiti.

1917 James Weldon Johnson led a "Silent Parade" of 10,000 blacks down Fifth Avenue in New York City, New York, in protest against lynching.

1928 The 9th Olympic Games opened in Amsterdam, Netherlands.

1929 Jacqueline Bouvier, wife of President John F. Kennedy and then Greek businessman Aristotle Onassis, was born.

Herbert Hoover's Administration1932 President Herbert Hoover ordered the removal of "bonus marchers" from their encampment.

1933 The world's first singing telegram was delivered to Rudy Vallee in New York City, New York.

1938 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru, was born.

William Worrall Mayo1939 William James Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic, died.

1940 Radio Orange began broadcasting from London, England.

1943 The British bombed Hamburg, Germany, causing a firestorm that killed 42,000 civilians.
U. S. Senator Bill Bradley was born.
1943 Pink Floyd keyboardist Rick Wright was born.

Empire State Building1945 An Army Air Force B-25 crashed into the 79th floor of the Empire State Building.
1945 The U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations charter.
1945 Cartoonist Jim Davis was born.

1947 Sports journalist Dick Ebersol was born.

1948 The I. G. Farben chemical plant in Ludwigshafen, Germany, exploded, killing 182 persons.
1948 Actress Sally Struthers was born.

1949 Baseball player Vida Blue was born.

1951 Walt Disney's Alice In Wonderland was released.
1951 "Kiss Me, Kate" closed at the New Century Theater in New York City, New York, after 1,077 performances.

1953 A B-47 set a trans-atlantic record of 4-3/4 hours at 617.4 mph.

1954 The film On the Waterfront was released.
Hugo Chavez, President of Venezuela, was born.

Argentina in 19571957 Argentina held elections for a Constituent Assembly.
Mexico earthquake1957 Mexico City was struck by an earthquake.
Edith Abbott1957 Social reformer Edith Abbott died.

1959 Great Britain began using postal codes.

Steelton train crash1962 An excursion train derailed outside Steelton, Pennsylvania, killing 25 persons.

1964 Riots broke out in North Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1974 A bus struck a truck in Belem, Brazil, killing 69 persons.

1976 A magnitude 8.2 earthquake killed over 240,000 people in northern China.

1977 The first oil through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline reached Valdez, Alaska.

1980 Peru adopted a new constitution.

1984 The 23rd Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles, California.

1987 Laura Davies won the U. S. Women's Open Golf Championship.

1988 Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa, was destroyed by arson.

1990 Chicago, Illinois, was hit by a blackout.

1991 Jack Nicklaus won the U. S. Senior Golf Open.

1996 The remains of a prehistoric man were discovered near Kennewick, Washington.

2002 Nine miners who had been trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Philadelphia, for 77 hours were rescued.

2004 Francis Crick, co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, died.

2005 The Provisional Irish Republican Army called an end to its 30-year-long armed campaign in Northern Ireland.
2005 A tornado caused 4,000,000 woth of damage and injured 39 persons in a residential area south of Birmingham, England.

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This page was last updated on January 19, 2018.