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On July 23rd...

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Revolution Day (Egypt)

1215 Frederick II was crowned King of the Romans.

1540 Turkey recognized Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary.

Casimir Pulaski1777 Polish cavalry officer Casimir Pulaski arrived in America with an offer of assistance in the fight for independence.

Roger Sherman1793 Roger Sherman, signer of four of the most important documents in U. S. history, died.

Napoleon Bonaparte1798 Napoleon Bonaparte captured Alexandria, Egypt.

1816 Actress Charlotte Cushman was born.

1820 Julia Gardiner Tyler, the second wife of U. S. President John Tyler, was born.

1829 William Austin Burt patented the "typographer" (typewriter).

1834 Cardinal James Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore, was born.

1840 The Union Act, uniting Upper and Lower Canada, was passed by the British Parliament.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak1856 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, leader of the Indian independence movement, was born.

1865 U. S. Supreme Court Justice Edward Terry Sanford was born.

1866 The Cincinnati Baseball Club (Red Stockings) formed.

Elijah McCoy1872 Elijah McCoy was granted a patent for a lubricating device for steam engines.

Isaac Singer1875 Isaac Singer, inventor of the first commercially successful sewing machine, died.

1877 The first U. S. municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, began operations.
1877 The first telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii was completed.

Ulysses Grant1885 Ulysses Grant, 18th President of the United States, died.

Raymond Chandler1888 Author Raymond Chandler was born.

1892 Haile Selassie, the last Emperor of Ethiopia, was born.

Louisiana Purchase Exposition1904 The ice cream cone was created by Charles E. Menches during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.

1906 The Third Pan-American conference convened.

1918 Baseball player Pee Wee Reese was born.

Kenya1920 British East Africa was renamed Kenya and became a British crown colony.

1922 Firmin Lambot won the Tour de France.

1925 Lou Gehrig hit his first grand slam home run.

1930 An earthquake killed 1,500 people in Ariano, Italy.
Aviation pioneer Glenn Curtiss died.

Alberto Santos-Dumont1932 Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian-French aviation pioneer, died.

1933 Georges Speicher won the Tour de France.
Game show host Bert Convy was born.

1936 Baseball player Don Drysdale was born.
1936 U. S. Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy was born.

1947 Actor Larry Manetti was born.

D.W. Griffith1948 Film director D. W. Griffith died.

King Farouk1952 Military officers overthrew the Egyptian monarchy of King Farouk.

Cordell Hull1955 Cordell Hull, U. S. Congressman and Secretary of State, died.

1958 An attempt to overthrow the provisional Venezuelan government headed by Admiral Wolfgang Larrazábal failed.
1958 U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower signed a bill creating the Federal Aviation Agency.

1959 An intercontinental jet plane flew 4,800 miles in 8 hours 54 minutes to set a New York-to-Moscow nonstop flight.

1960 Betsy Rawls won the U. S. Women's Golf Open.

1961 Actor Woody Harrelson was born.

Telstar1962 The first-ever live transatlantic television signal was sent to and from the Telstar satellite.
1962 A general strike protesting the proposed merger of Aden Colony with the Federation of South Arabia broke out in Aden.
1962 A Canadian Pacific Britannia turboprop crashed while attempting an emergency landing at Honolulu (Hawaii) Airport, killing 27 of the 40 persons aboard.
1962 A passenger train derailed between Mogosoaia and Bucharest, Romania, killing 32 persons and injuring 54.
1962 More than 40 persons were killed and at least 50 were injured when part of the Paris-Marseilles Express plunged off a viaduct into a ravine near Dijon, France.

1963 Explosions aboard the Egyptian munitions ship Star of Alexandria sank the freighter, damaged the harbor of Bône, Algeria, and killed more than 100 persons.

1966 Actor Montgomery Clift died.

Detroit Riots1967 Riots broke out in Detroit, Michigan.
Puerto Rico1967 Puerto Rico voted to retain its U. S. Commonwealth status.
1967 Roger Pingeon won the Tour de France.

1970 Said ibn Taimur, Sultan of Oman, was overthrown by his son, Qabus ibn Said, in a bloodless coup d'état.
1970 The government of Northern Ireland enacted a six-month ban on public parades.

1971 Musician Alison Krauss was born.
William V.S. Tubman1971 Liberian President William V.S. Tubman died.

1972 The first Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) was launched.
1972 Comedian Marlon Wayans was born.

1973 White House intern Monica Lewinsky was born.
Eddie Rickenbacker1973 Aviator Eddie Rickenbacker died.

1974 Actress Stephanie March was born.

1978 Hollis Stacy won the U. S. Women's Open Golf Championship.
1978 Bernard Hinault won the Tour de France.

1982 Actor Vic Morrow died.

Prince Andrew1986 Prince Andrew of Great Britain married Sarah Ferguson.

1989 Mark Calcavecchia won the British Open.
Greg LeMond won the Tour de France.
Actor Daniel Radcliffe was born.

1993 A China Northwest Airlines passenger jet crashed at Yinchuan, China, killing 55 persons.

1994 The Space Shuttle Columbia landed after a record 14 days 55 minutes in space.

1995 Comet Hale-Bopp was discovered.
1995 John Daly won the British Open.
1995 Miguel Induráin won the Tour de France.

1999 Crown Prince Mohammed Ben al-Hassan was crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco.
1999 ANA Flight 61 was hijacked in Tokyo, Japan.

2000 Tiger Woods won the British Open.
2000 Lance Armstrong won the Tour de France.

2005 Three bombs exploded in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 persons.

2006 Tiger Woods won the British Open.
2006 Oscar Pereiro won the Tour de France.

Mohammed Zahir Shah2007 Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan, died.

Sally Ride2012 Astronaut Sally Ride died.

2013 A tour bus collided with a truck in Saraburi, Thailand, killing 19 persons and injuring 22 others.

2014 TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan, killing 44 persons.

2016 A suicide bomb killed 80 persons during a protest march in Kabul, Afghanistan.
Thorbjörn Fälldin, two-time Prime Minister of Sweden, died.

2017 Chris Froome won the Tour de France.
2017 Jordan Spieth won the British Open.

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This page was last updated on July 22, 2018.