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On July 22nd...

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1099 Godfrey of Bouillon was elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.

1461 King Charles VII of France died.

1596 Tsar Michael of Russia was born.

1676 Pope Clement X died.

Albany, New York1686 The City of Albany, New York, was chartered.

1793 Alexander Mackenzie became the first European-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.

1796 Cleveland, Ohio, was founded.

1849 Poet Emma Lazarus was born.

1864 The Battle of Atlanta (Georgia) was fought.

1869 Civil engineer John A. Roebling died.

1873 Missouri politician Tom Pendergast was born.

Selman Waksman1888 Selman Waksman, the discoverer of streptomycin, was born.

1890 Kennedy family matriarch Rose Kennedy was born.

Katharine Lee Bates1893 Katharine Lee Bates wrote "America the Beautiful."
1893 Psychiatrist Karl Menninger was born.

1898 Poet Stephen Vincent Benét was born.
1898 Artist Alexander Calder was born.

1901 The British House of Lords ruled that trade unions can be sued for the actions of their members.

1908 Etiquette columnist Amy Vanderbilt was born.

1916 A bomb exploded during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco, California, killing 10 persons.
James Whitcomb Riley1916 Poet James Whitcomb Riley died.

1921 Jim Barnes won the U. S. Open.

1922 Comedian Dan Rowan was born.

1923 Walter Johnson became the first pitcher to strikeout 3,000 batters.
1923 Henri Pelissier won the Tour de France.

Robert Dole1923 American politician Robert Dole was born.

1928 Comedian Orson Bean was born.

Wiley Post1932 Wiley Post completed a record-setting solo round-the-world flight of 7 days, 19 hours.
1932 Fashion designer Oscar de la Renta was born.
1932 Theatre producer Florenz Ziegfeld died.

John Dillinger1934 Bank robber John Dillinger was gunned down by FBI agents in Chicago, Illinois.
1934 Actress Louise Fletcher was born.

President Franklin Roosevelt1937 The U. S. Senate rejected President Franklin Roosevelt's proposal to increase the number of Supreme Court Justices.

1939 Jan Bolin became the first black female judge, in New York.

1940 Game show host Alex Trebek was born.

1942 Warsaw Ghetto Jews were sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp.

George S. Patton1943 Palermo, Sicily, was liberated by U. S. troops under General George S. Patton.
1943 Singer Bobby Sherman was born.

1946 The militant Zionist group Irgun bombed the British administrative headquarters for Palestine in the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, killing 91 persons.
Actor Danny Glover was born.

1947 The "This Is the Place" Monument, marking the spot where Mormon pioneers first sighted their homesite in the Great Salt Lake Basin, was dedicated at Salt Lake City, Utah.
Actor Albert Brooks was born.
1947 Musician Don Henley was born.

Leopold III1950 King Leopold III returned to Belgium.
1950 William Lyon Mackenzie King, 3-time Prime Minister of Canada, died.

1951 General Francisco Craveiro Lopes was appointed President of Portugal.

U. S. Virgin Islands1954 The U. S. Virgin Islands adopted a constitution.

1955 Actor Willem Dafoe was born.

1956 The Declaration of Panama was signed in Panama City, Panama.

1960 Cuba nationalized all U. S.-owned sugar factories.

1962 Gary Player won the PGA Championship.

Floyd Patterson1963 Sonny Liston KO'd Floyd Patterson in 2:10 of the first round to retain his heavyweight championship.

1964 Actor David Spade was born.

1965 Wrestler Shawn Michaels was born.

1967 The Atlanta Braves used a record five pitchers in the 9th inning.
Carl Sandburg1967 Author and historian Carl Sandburg died.

1972 Venera 8 made a soft landing on Venus.
1972 Eddy Merckx won the Tour de France.

1973 Susie Maxwell Berning won the U. S. Women's Golf Open.
1973 Luis Ocana won the Tour de France.

Robert E. Lee1975 The U. S. House of Representatives voted to restore citizenship to Robert E. Lee.

1979 Bernard Hinault won the Tour de France.

1980 Auto racer Scott Dixon was born.

1983 Dick Smith completed the first solo helicopter flight around the world.

1984 Seve Ballesteros won the British Open.
1984 Laurent Fignon won the Tour de France.

1986 The U. S. House of Representatives impeached Federal Judge Harry E. Claiborne for tax evasion.

1987 The United States began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti oil tankers in the Persian Gulf.

1990 Nick Faldo won the British Open.
1990 Phil Mickelson won the U. S. Amateur Golf Championship.
1990 Greg LeMond won the Tour de France.

1991 Jeffrey Dahmer confessed to killing 19 men.

1992 Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escaped from prison.
Suleiman Franjieh, former President of Lebanon, died.
Actress Selena Gomez was born.

1994 Gambian President Dawda Jawara was ousted in a military coup.

1995 Susan Smith was found guilty of drowning her two children in South Carolina.
1995 Musician Dave Clark died.

1999 The Woodstock 99 music festival began.

2001 David Duval won the British Open.

2007 Pádraig Harrington won the British Open.

2008 Actress Estelle Getty died.

2012 Torrential rains in Beijing, China, caused at least 77 deaths.
2012 Ernie Els won the British Open.
2012 Bradley Wiggins won the Tour de France.

2013 Earthquakes killed 89 persons and injured 500 others in Gansu Province, China.
2013 Actor Dennis Farina died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on January 25, 2019.