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On April 10th...

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1512 King James V of Scotland was born.

1585 Pope Gregory XIII died.

1790 The United States Patent Office was established.

Matthew C. Perry1794 Matthew C. Perry, American naval officer, was born.

1796 Frontiersman Jim Bowie was born.

1806 Revolutionary War General Horatio Gates died.

1815 Austria declared war on the Kingdom of Naples.
1815 Mount Tambora in Indonesia erupted, killing about 71,000 people.

1816 The second Bank of the United States was chartered.

1827 Novelist Lew Wallace was born.

William Booth1829 William Booth, founder of the Salvation Army, was born.

Horace Greeley1841 Horace Greeley established the New York Tribune.

1845 Fire damaged more than 1,000 buildings in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Joseph Pulitzer1847 Newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer was born.

1849 Walter Hunt patented the safety pin.

Thomas Hart Benton1858 Politician Thomas Hart Benton died.

1864 Austrian Archduke Maximilian became Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico.

1866 The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was founded.

Siege of Magdala1868 British troops defeated the King of Abyssinia at Magdala.

1872 The first National Black Convention met in New Orleans, Louisiana.
Arbor Day1872 The first Arbor Day was celebrated in Nebraska.

1874 Mungo Park won the British Golf Open.

1877 Federal troops were withdrawn from Columbia, South Carolina.

Comanche1878 Comanche, one of the few horses to survive the Battle of the Little Bighorn, was declared a hero.

Frances Perkins1882 Frances Perkins, first female member of the U. S. Cabinet, was born.

Clare Boothe Luce1903 Clare Boothe Luce, playwright, Congresswoman, and first American female ambassador to a major country, was born.

1912 RMS Titanic set sail from Southampton, England.

1915 Actor Harry Morgan was born.

1916 The Professional Golfers Association of America was founded.

1917 A munitions factory explosion in Eddystone, Pennsylvania, killed 133 workers.

1919 Mexican Revolution leader Emiliano Zapata was ambushed and shot dead by government forces in Morelos.

1921 Actor Chuck Connors was born.
1921 Singer Sheb Wooley was born.

1925 Tsaritsyn, Russia, was renamed Stalingrad.
1925 The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was published.

1929 Actor Max von Sydow was born.

1930 Thiokol synthetic rubber was first produced, in Yardley, New Jersey.

1932 Actor Omar Sharif was born.

1934 The Chicago Blackhawks defeated the Detroit Red Wings for the Stanley Cup.
Football coach John Madden was born.

1938 Football player Don Meredith was born.

1944 Soviet forces liberated Odessa, Russia, from the Germans.

1945 Allied troops liberated the Nazi concentration camp at Buchenwald, Czechoslovakia.

1947 The first television program ever transmitted from a submerged submarine occurred, aboard the Trumpetfish.
1947 An explosion deep inside a coal mine near Exeter, Pennsylvania, killed 9 miners and injured 9 others.

1949 Sam Snead won the Masters Golf Tournament.

1951 Actor Steven Seagal was born.

1953 The Minneapolis Lakers defeated the New York Knicks for the NBA Championship.

1954 Auguste Lumière, co-inventor of motion pictures, died.

1955 Cary Middlecoff won the Masters Golf Tournament.
1955 The Syracuse Nationals defeated the Fort Wayne Pistons for the NBA Championship.

1956 The Montreal Canadiens defeated the Detroit Red Wings for the Stanley Cup.

1957 The government of Jordanian Premier Suleiman Nabulsi resigned, per King Hussein's request.
1957 A Brazilian airliner crashed into a mountain soon after taking off from São Paulo, Brazil, killing 26 of the 30 persons aboard.
1957 Two boats loaded with pilgrims sank in the Godavari River in central India; 150 persons were killed.

Akihito1959 Crown Prince Akihito of Japan married commoner Michiko Shoda.

1960 Arnold Palmer won the Masters Golf Tournament.

1961 Gary Player won the Masters Golf Tournament.

1962 The Los Angeles Dodgers lost their first game in Dodger Stadium to the Cincinnati Reds.

1963 The U.S. Navy nuclear submarine Thresher with 129 aboard was lost in the Atlantic Ocean, 220 miles east of Cape Cod, Massachusetts.

1965 A Jordanian Airlines plane burst into flames and crashed on Kanisa Mountain, in Syria, killing 54 persons.

1967 The American Federation of Television and Radio Artists reached a settlement with the American, Mutual, and National Broadcasting systems, ending a 13-day strike.

1968 The ferry Wahine capsized in Wellington Harbor, New Zealand, killing 46 persons.

1969 State and local police arrested 197 people as they cleared Harvard's University Hall of demonstrators.

1970 Paul McCartney announced his departure from The Beatles.

1971 The Philadelphia Phillies defeated the Montreal Expos in their first game at Veterans Stadium.

1972 More than 70 nations signed a convention prohibiting the stockpiling and development of biological weapons of warfare.

1973 A BEA airliner crashed while landing at Basel, Switzerland, killing 104 of the 143 persons aboard.
1973 The Kansas City Royals defeated the Texas Rangers in their first game at Royals Stadium.

1977 Tom Watson won the Masters Golf Tournament.

Volkswagen1978 The first American-made Volkswagen Rabbit was driven off the assembly line.

Wichita Falls tornado1979 A tornado destroyed much of Wichita Falls, Texas, and killed 44 persons.
1979 The United States and Taiwan established unofficial relations.
1979 Fifty of the 60 persons on board died when a schoolbus plunged into a river near Benavente, Spain.

1980 Racecar driver Kasey Kahne was born.

1984 The Space Shuttle Columbia successfully recovered the damaged Solar Max satellite.

1988 Sandy Lyle won the Masters Golf Tournament.

1991 A boat rammed a tanker off Livorno, Italy, killing 138 persons.

1992 A bus bombing in Sri Lanka killed 25 persons.
Comedian Sam Kinison was killed in a car accident.

1994 Jose M. Olazabal won the Masters Golf Tournament.

2000 Actor Larry Linville died.

2005 Tiger Woods won the Masters Golf Tournament.

2010 A Polish Air Force Tu-154M crashed near Smolensk, Russia, killing all 96 persons on board, including Polish President Lech Kaczynski.
Actress Dixie Carter died.

2011 Charl Schwartzel won the Masters Golf Tournament.

2014 Barrel bombs dropped by Syrian planes on Aleppo killed 88 civilians.

2016 Explosions and a fire caused by fireworks at Puttingal Temple in Kerala, India,killed more than 100 people and injured nearly 400.
Danny Willett won the Masters Golf Tournament.

2017 Robert Bentley resigned as Governor of Alabama.

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This page was last updated on August 26, 2018.